Researchers at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology in Germany, are using nanotechnology to optimize dentures in an effort to fight bacteria. Current dental implants uses biocompatible titanium as the material of choice for optimal osseointegration of the implant to the bone. However, bacteria can invade the area between the implant and the jawbone causing inflammation and resulting in removal of the implant.  In order to combat this problem, the team developed an implant that contained groves, smaller than the width of a human hair, that accelerate wound healing. They also found that depending on the placement and width of the grooves bacterial adhesion was decreased. Learn more about the bacteria fighting dentures at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology.

E. coli bacteria try to dock with a nanostructured model surface on the dentures